Vol. Goethe's original draft of a Faust play, which probably dates from 1773–74, and is now known as the Urfaust, was also published after his death.[36]. [100] Matthew Arnold found in Goethe the "Physician of the Iron Age" and "the clearest, the largest, the most helpful thinker of modern times" with a "large, liberal view of life. He also contributed to botany and anatomy. Your email has been sent. In 1782, when the chancellor of the Duchy's Exchequer left his office, Goethe agreed to act in his place for two and a half years; this post virtually made him prime minister and the principal representative of the Duchy. Winckelmann had not recognized the distinctness of the two styles. A perfect man lay in great beauty before me; and the rapture the sight caused me made me forget for a moment that the immortal spirit had left such an abode. The university there had been the centre of Germany’s literary revival over the previous 40 years. Considered the first work by the movement “Sturm und Drang”, the protagonist is inspired by a famous character of the sixteenth century. See more ideas about goethe quotes, quotes, goethe. (Frankfurt am Main, 28 augustus 1749 – Weimar, 22 maart 1832) was een Duits wetenschapper, toneelschrijver, romanschrijver, filosoof, dichter, natuuronderzoeker en staatsman. I laid my hand on his heart – there was a deep silence – and I turned away to give free vent to my suppressed tears. On 13 October, Napoleon's army invaded the town. [30] He is buried in the Ducal Vault at Weimar's Historical Cemetery. And, between ourselves, I never hated the French, although I thanked God when we were rid of them. The author W. Daniel Wilson [de] claims that Goethe engaged in negotiating the forced sale of vagabonds, criminals, and political dissidents as part of these activities.[22]. His other compositions inspired by Goethe include the overture Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage (Op. Goethe noted in his diary: "Fires, rapine, a frightful night... Preservation of the house through steadfastness and luck." Goethe became a key reference for Thomas Mann in his speeches and essays defending the republic. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), German poet, playwright, novelist, and natural philosopher is best known for his two-part poetic drama Faust, (1808-1832) which he started around the age of twenty three and didn’t finish till shortly before his death sixty years later. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (IPA: ˈgøːtə (Goethe Society pronunciation)), born Johann Wolfgang Goethe (28 August 1749–22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a painter, novelist, dramatist, poet, humanist, scientist, philosopher, and for ten years chief minister of state at Weimar.. Goethe was one of the paramount figures of German literature and the movement of German … Thus Goethe's journey had something of the nature of a pilgrimage to it. [57], Goethe was a freethinker who believed that one could be inwardly Christian without following any of the Christian churches, many of whose central teachings he firmly opposed, sharply distinguishing between Christ and the tenets of Christian theology, and criticizing its history as a "hodgepodge of fallacy and violence". Goethe's poetic work served as a model for an entire movement in German poetry termed Innerlichkeit ("introversion") and represented by, for example, Heine. In 1791 he was made managing director of the theatre at Weimar, and in 1794 he began a friendship with the dramatist, historian, and philosopher Friedrich Schiller, whose plays he premiered until Schiller's death in 1805. They had already had several children together by this time, including their son, Julius August Walter von Goethe (1789–1830), whose wife, Ottilie von Pogwisch (1796–1872), cared for the elder Goethe until his death in 1832. Throughout a long and full life he demonstrated his prolific genius in many different areas. Historical studies should generally avoid the error of thinking that the circumstances of a philosopher’s life necessitate their theoretical conclusions. Share the best quotes by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe with your friends and family. [32][citation needed], Goethe was fascinated by Kalidasa's Abhijñānaśākuntalam, which was one of the first works of Sanskrit literature that became known in Europe, after being translated from English to German.[33]. He became manager of the Court Theater, and interested himself in various other activities, so that for a period of some ten years not much actual writing was done. Goethe praised Francis Bacon for his advocacy of science based on experiment and his forceful revolution in thought as one of the greatest strides forward in modern science. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Goethe was the eldest of seven children, though only one other survived into adulthood, his sister Cornelia (1750–77), for whom he felt an intense affection of whose potentially incestuous nature he seems to have been aware. His contributions to science include his work in botany and his Theory of Colours. No other landscape has he described as affectionately as the warm, wide Rhine area. Corrections? Send me a copy. In the last period, between Schiller's death, in 1805, and his own, appeared Faust Part One, Elective Affinities, the West-Eastern Diwan (a collection of poems in the Persian style, influenced by the work of Hafez), his autobiographical Aus meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit (From My Life: Poetry and Truth) which covers his early life and ends with his departure for Weimar, his Italian Journey, and a series of treatises on art. That’s why Goethe gradually moved away from Romanticism towards an ideology of love he termed Classicism – marked by a degree of pessimism, an acceptance of the troubles that afflict all couples over time, and of the need to abandon some of the heady hopes of the early days for the sake of tranquillity and administrative competence. Goethe’s mother, Catharina Elisabeth Textor (1731–1808), was one of the daughters of Frankfurt’s most senior official and was a lively woman closer in age to her son than to her husband. [55], In a conversation on April 7, 1830 Goethe stated that pederasty is an "aberration" that easily leads to "animal, roughly material" behavior. On a trip to the village Sessenheim, Goethe fell in love with Friederike Brion, in October 1770,[13][14] but, after ten months, terminated the relationship in August 1771. [44], Goethe's botanical theories were partly based on his gardening in Weimar. Whereas the rationalist school of thought relied upon classical learning and texts as the foundation of knowledge, the Sturm und Drang school argued that truth must be found in the emotional storms of life. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Faust wanted to experience the true essence of life, he didn't want limits to his knowledge, power, and enjoyment of life and therefore he attracted the devil. He also journeyed to Sicily during this time, and wrote intriguingly that "To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is to not have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything." Behavior is the mirror in which everyone shows their image. Return to Weimar and the French Revolution (1788–94), https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe, Poetry Foundation - Biography of Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, The University of Adelaide - Biography of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, AllMusic - Biography of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Academy of American Poets - Biography of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Theatre Database - Biography of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), “The Theatrical Mission of Wilhelm Meister”. [102] He emphasized Goethe's "cultural and self-developing individualism", humanism, and cosmopolitanism.[102]. With these I must come to terms when I have long wandered alone; they may call me right and wrong; to them will I listen when in the process they call each other right and wrong."[92]. [48] Goethe's work also inspired the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, to write his Remarks on Colour. The Frankfurt in which he was born and in which his social attitudes were formed was, as it is now, a wealthy commercial and financial centre, but it was also virtually a self-governing republic, a city-state within the Holy Roman Empire. what he got from it. Darmstadt, 1773. Both were Freemasons! Why does she feel that she has to be buried “a little aside” from her mother and brother? "[56] On another occasion he wrote: "I like boys a lot, but the girls are even nicer. Goethe was the eldest of seven children, though only one other survived into adulthood, his sister Cornelia (1750–77). Frederick drew aside the sheet, and I was astonished at the divine magnificence of the limbs. The poem reached a high popularity and was set to music by the famous Austrian composer Franz Schubert [2] in 1815 to honor Goethe … Your Name is required. [58][59] His own descriptions of his relationship to the Christian faith and even to the Church varied widely and have been interpreted even more widely, so that while Goethe's secretary Eckermann portrayed him as enthusiastic about Christianity, Jesus, Martin Luther, and the Protestant Reformation, even calling Christianity the "ultimate religion,"[60] on one occasion Goethe described himself as "not anti-Christian, nor un-Christian, but most decidedly non-Christian,"[61] and in his Venetian Epigram 66, Goethe listed the symbol of the cross among the four things that he most disliked. Goethe's father, Johann Caspar Goethe, lived with his family in a large house (today the Goethe House) in Frankfurt, then an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire. He would argue that Classicism was the means of controlling art, and that Romanticism was a sickness, even as he penned poetry rich in memorable images, and rewrote the formal rules of German poetry. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a key personality in the list of German writers and polymaths. Stretched upon his back, he reposed as if asleep; profound peace and security reigned in the features of his sublimely noble countenance. In 1794, Friedrich Schiller wrote to Goethe offering friendship; they had previously had only a mutually wary relationship ever since first becoming acquainted in 1788. Favourite answer. [89][88] Although often requested to write poems arousing nationalist passions, Goethe would always decline. By TOYIN AKINOSHO. In 1775 Goethe moved to Weimar and became a minister for Duke Carl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1757-1828). [9] Among early literary attempts, he was infatuated with Gretchen, who would later reappear in his Faust and the adventures with whom he would concisely describe in Dichtung und Wahrheit. The two men did not meet again. 1. He is considered one of the greatest literary figures of his age, and not only. [98] She praised Goethe as possessing "the chief characteristics of the German genius" and uniting "all that distinguishes the German mind. Optional Message. Jane Austen (1775-1817): a British novelist known for her comedies of manners. [citation needed] He is considered the greatest German literary figure of the modern era. Douglas Miller, Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, "Goethe und Carl August – Freundschaft und Politik", Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, "The auto-biography of Goethe. Faust became the ur-myth of many figures in the 19th century. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the rare giants of world literature. Schopenhauer cited Goethe's novel Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship as one of the four greatest novels ever written, along with Tristram Shandy, La Nouvelle Héloïse and Don Quixote.
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