This may be interpreted as follows: if child health increases by one percentage (one percentage point reduction in the under-five mortality rate), increases GDP by 5% (as an example) in a country with a 100% efficiency rate, HIV/AIDS 4. Introduction In the year 2000, the country with the highest estimated number of maternal death is India (136,000) followed by Nigeria (37,000) (World Health Organization, 2004). Malaria 5. In Nigeria, around 839,500 children die each year … Stroke 10. The data are estimated with a … survey. Mortality rate, infant, male (per 1,000 live births) Mortality rate, infant, female (per 1,000 live births) Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort) Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15-49) 2 Department of Nursing, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Cote d'Ivoire the efficiency rate is 91.5% in 2001 to 2010. Key demographic indicators for Nigeria: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. Nigeria 3 Nigeria Maternal and Newborn Health Disparities In 2015, 7,100,000 babies were born in Nigeria, or around 19,500 every day.1 Among young women (aged 20-24), 29 percent gave birth by age 18.2 Approximately 660 babies will die each day before reaching their first month3; 838 stillbirths occur every day.6 Neonatal mortality rate: Meningitis 8. lschemic heart disease 9. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. Maternal mortality ratio of Nigeria fell gradually from 1,220 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1998 to 917 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Reports from Nigeria, sub-Saharan Africa and the world at large have revealed that mortality experiences ranging from neonatal mortality, infant and child mortality to maternal mortality are still high [2,3,4]. Latest figures show a maternal mortality rate of 576 per 100,000 live births, the fourth highest on Earth. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Nigeria was 917 deaths per 100,000 live births. CAUSES OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN NIGERIA By Maimuna Bintu Husaini Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Management Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. 3 Department of Nursing, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria. Infant mortality rate: 67/1,000 live births TOP 10 CAUSES OF DEATH 1. Cirrhosis CDC STAFF 12 U.S. Assignees 84 Locally Employed HIV and Tuberculosis Each year approximately 262,000 babies die at birth, the world’s second highest national total. Child mortality is a deciding factor of the well-being of a population and often serves as a pointer of the socio-economic status and health development of a nation. In 2015, Nigeria’s estimated maternal mortality ratio was over 800 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births, with approximately 58 000 maternal deaths during that year. Neonatal disorders 3. For the most recent five-year period, corresponding approximately to 2000-2004, the infant mortality rate was 76 per 1,000 live births, and child mortality was 62 per 1,000, resulting in an overall under-five mortality rate of 133 per 1,000 live births. Every single day, Nigeria loses about 2,300 under-five year olds and 145 women of child bearing age, making the country the second largest contributor to under-five and maternal mortality rate … A 2017 report on child mortality indicated most child deaths happened in two regions of the world: Sub-Saharan Africa (38%) and South Asia (39%). Infant mortality currently stands at 69 per 1,000 live births while for under-fives it rises to 128 per 1,000 live births. Diarrheal diseases 6. Tuberculosis 7. Lower respiratory infections 2. Nigeria still has high prevalence of mortalities reflected in infants and children amongst others [5,6,7].